In the year 2021, more programming languages are rising into the web development segment. Whether you are new to programming or have the experience, we all must accept that keeping up with the trend of development language can be quite difficult. The most challenging part of any web development progression is deciding which language to choose to begin with.
One thing that web development offers for all backgrounds is that once you start discovering the entire web development segment, you will recognize exactly which development language best suits your requirements and expertise; This will help you advance in your interests and possible web development career.
First, like any developer, you must choose which category you would like to develop websites on. This is either front-end or back-end. Once this is decided, you can select a language for the intended project development. Lucky for those who have no experience in web development, as in the article we present to you today, we will cover & explain the best and most popular web development programming languages implemented throughout the industry today.
HTML & CSS
What HTML does is dictate the structure of the web page rather than provide any functionality. CSS is the editing of an HTML code to present it in a particular way, for example, color, font size, box sizes, and so on. This language is a steppingstone for any developer and must be familiarized to carry onto more complex languages.
PHP is one of the most common languages found in web development in 2021. PHP, which stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, is a scripting form of language which is used for back-end processes; This means it is used for the server-side of simple websites and web applications like WordPress & Facebook.
PHP is supported by a mass amount of web development open-source plugins and extensions like .NET, Apache, and database extensions like MySQL, MariaDB & many more databases.
PHP takes some key characteristics from the C programming language, making the two languages quite similar in functionality. PHP developers can add an array of plugins or extensions to PHP developments for further language C functionality.
PHP is quite simple to learn and retains most of its Perl-like basic variables, which means it can be added to HTML coding with ease. This language is recommended for most beginners. According to reports, PHP in 2021 has been noticed as the least liked development language as it is a little out of date and can be quite daunting to use at first.
Some other downsides include standardization of functions, variables, and functions with objects that can unexpectedly change and produce unrequired outcomes making it a little more challenging to debug.
Unlike PHP, Python is one of the most liked development coding languages out there. Python currently has the most developers using it for various applications such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning applications, video games, and web development. Python is believed to be an advanced yet easy to learn programming language due to its simple syntax and easy support tools, which are integrated.
Python differentiates itself from PHP by having an easier to use scripting and object-oriented development language, meaning it allows for less unexpected errors with conditions not changing unexpectedly and has an easy to use debugging progress. Python once again is a back-end language that can be linked to a Django front-end framework.
Some popular applications developed with Python include Instagram & Spotify, which are far more superior in functionality with fewer errors than those with PHP back-end development. Python is quite fast compared to PHP but lacks speeds compared to the language PHP was based on, C or C++. Another excellent language for developers with all levels of expertise to use.
Ruby is a PHP-like development programming language, which is a very light and efficient coding language. With extensions like Ruby on Rails (its framework for front-end), it makes it one of the web development segment leaders. Ruby is primarily a back-end language for web development projects as it supports numerous amount of libraries and tools for the development of immersive & dynamic websites.
While Ruby isn’t as mainstream as PHP or Python, it still holds a strong presence in the eCommerce industry as many eCommerce companies choose Ruby for its capabilities. Such companies that use Ruby for development in e-commerce include Airbnb & Hulu, to name a few.
Ruby isn’t perfect; one issue is that once you start to add excessive libraries & tools, it can lead to poor performance and become complex to understand. Ruby is also a little harder to learn than both PHP & Python, needing a little more expertise than a beginner.
The list above is the top 5 most used and best languages for web development, whether it’s just a website or a web application. Combining one or more languages such as PHP & HTML can enhance the development, further adding a little more complex but more outcomes. If you require further assistance in your projects, why not investigate getting a web developing company to assist you.
Big Kitty Labs is one of the leading software development companies in Columbus Ohio that has been developing applications, websites, and software for over 10 years. Contact us for free discovery and consultation on your next project!